Mental illness refers to a variety of disorders that affect your thinking, behavior, and emotions. These conditions are usually associated with significant distress and can interfere with your ability to function in social settings. Like heart disease, most mental illnesses are treatable, and the vast majority of people can return to full functioning after treatment. The following are some common types of mental illnesses:
Mental health disorders are often treated alongside chronic diseases. It is important to work with your medical practitioners to coordinate care to address both aspects of your life. It may be necessary to switch medication, add talk therapies, and/or learn stress management techniques. Ultimately, your healthcare practitioners will make the right recommendation based on your unique circumstances and medical history. Keeping a regular schedule is an important part of maintaining good mental health.
While physical illnesses do not usually have physical effects, some are associated with a higher risk of developing a mental illness. Certain medical conditions may affect the levels of neurotransmitters that send signals to different parts of the brain. When these chemicals are reduced, a person may experience emotional disorders. Mental illness is a common problem, with one in five adults experiencing some type of mental disorder each year. It can begin in any age, but is more likely to manifest itself earlier in life. Some people develop more than one mental disorder over time.
Many people with mental disorders may also be at risk of certain medical conditions. Although the cause of these illnesses is unknown, some genetic variants increase the risk of mental illness. Additionally, a person’s life situation can trigger a mental health disorder. Environmental exposures before birth can also lead to a mental disorder. These factors may be genetic in nature or inherited from parents. The results of studies on this topic are promising for a more effective treatment of mental illness.